Forms of Depression
Major DepressionWithin a Major Depressive condition you would find at least four symptoms associated with Depression, which would be major factors in your change of personality. People who suffer from Major Depression can also find it very difficult to carry out normal daily tasks. The symptoms would also be prolonged and your Depression could be more severe typically lasting for a minimum of two weeks.
Some cases studies have found indicators that a period of adjustment is known to be the main factor for Major Depression, including:
- Loss of a loved one
- Traumatic Accident
Major Depression is the type of depression that would benefit most from treatment with Medication.
This condition is usually rooted over a long period of time sometimes over years of feeling Depressed and believing that this is normal. This can also be refereed to as the blues, and due to the slow hold this may take on your life people often don't realize the change that has taken place.
Dysthymic Disorder is known for being the addition to the SAD or Down Mood.
Dysthymic Disorder has the ability to go unnoticed as this type of Depression rarely shows obvious symptoms. Typical symptoms include:
- Feeling Down
- Disrupted Sleep
- Low Energy
Once Dysthymic Disorder is recognized generally medical practitioners find a change of life style, exercise and occasional counseling benefits more than medication. But in some cases medical intervention is needed.
Adjustment Disorder with Depression
A person with Adjustment Disorder related depression will carry most of the characteristics of depression, although it usually evolves over a three month stressful period. After a period of around six months the symptoms in most cases usually ease or disappear fully. However these may persist if the individual was also suffering from chronic stress such as caused by an illness or worsening financial problems.
Adjustment Disorder generally manifests it self in two ways, either such behaviors as acting out in society thus being reckless, fighting and skipping school or possibly isolating themselves during this adjustment period. In rare cases you may find some will not show behavioral differences but they will show signs of suffering from physical illness.
Adjustment Disorder with Depression is often due to a combination of depression and anxiety and this is what renders the drastic changes in personality, such as:
- Withdraw Socially
- Raging Anger
Therapy and Counseling is the most recognized treatment for this disorder although if the anxiety persists, prescription medications may be issued.
Bipolar Depression is a form of Manic Depression and is one of the most common Psychiatric disorders with intense mood swings from deep depressions to phases of mania. Caring for someone suffering from this condition can be a heavy burden on family and caregivers. Bipolar Depression affects individuals lives immensely, making it difficult keeping a job and carry out a normal life. Often this causes drug and alcohol abuse and often leads to committing suicide.
This kind of depression is often not recognized as an illness and can manifest with such severity it not only destroys the individual concerned but also the relationships with others. Symptoms include:
- Suicidal Thoughts/Tendencies
- Destructive Behavior
Bipolar Depression is a long term illness that requires careful management by a member of the medical profession and can be treated with medication and intense counseling.
Postpartum (or Prenatal) Depression
This is a type of depression that only occurs during pregnancy or within a year after the delivery of a baby and is more commonly known, as prenatal depression. Researchers believe that depression is one of the most common complications during and after pregnancy. Due to pregnancy causing similar symptoms to an individual, Postpartum Depression often goes undetected. If a previous history of depression is known then emotional changes during pregnancy can trigger of these symptoms as reoccurrences are common.
Lack of support, anxiety about the fetus, previous problems conceiving or problems with a previous pregnancy can be a common cause at this stage. Symptoms include:
- Problems Sleeping
- Stronger Emotional Reactions
- Changes in body weight
Postpartum Depression is best treated with group talk therapies as it eliminates isolation although in some cases medical intervention is required.
Depression & Psychosis
Unlike other forms of depression, Psychosis in depression causes hallucinations and or delusions which often cause paranoia which leads individuals to believe their thoughts are not there own. People who are suffering with Depression & Psychosis are very unpredictable and harbor erratic behavioral patterns. Alcohol and certain drugs can induce psychosis as well as dementia, epilepsy, and bipolar disorder.
Psychosis is a loss of contact with reality and leads to feeling very alone and isolated with no one to trust. Symptoms include:
- Disorganized thought and speech
- Loss of reality
- Extreme excitement
- Unfounded fear
Care in a hospital is often needed to ensure a patients safety and antipsychotic medications are usually issued under medical supervision.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
From the month of September through to April a large percentage of the population suffer from what is known as SAD, which can affect people throughout the northern and southern hemispheres. Studies have shown the people who suffer are at the worst in the darkest months. Most sufferers show signs of a weakened immune system which makes the susceptible to illness and infections.
Researchers have been able to provide evidence to support the fact the bright light makes a substantial difference to the brains chemistry and although that exact cause of this form of depression is not known it is not psychosomatic an imaginary illness. Symptoms include:
- Sleep problems
- Over eating
Light treatment is often suggested by most practitioners but in some cases medication may be issued along side this therapy.